Congenital Myasthenia


Congenital Myasthenia
Congenital myasthenia is a rare genetic disorder that can affect people of all ages, but usually develops at or near birth or in early childhood.

It can cause muscle weakness and fatigue, making it difficult to perform daily activities such as walking, talking, and even breathing.

The condition is caused by a problem with the neurotransmitters, which are chemicals that help relay information between the nerve cells and muscles. In people with congenital myasthenia, the neurotransmitters are not properly released and received, which leads to muscle weakness.

With proper management, people with congenital myasthenia can lead full and active lives.


• Skeletal Deformities: Joint, spine, or foot abnormalities affecting mobility.

• Unusual Facial Features: Narrow jaw or widely spaced eyes impacting speech.

• Hearing Loss: Ranging from mild to severe, affecting one or both ears.

• Weakness, Numbness, and Pain: Often in hands and feet, worsening with exertion.

• Seizures: Occasional, varying in severity and requiring medical attention.

• Kidney Problems: Including renal failure or abnormalities managed with medication or transplant.

Causes & Risks

• CMS is linked to mutations in various genes like CHRNE, RAPSN, CHAT, COLQ, and DOK7.

• CHRNE gene mutations are predominant, accounting for over 50% of CMS instances.

• These genes regulate protein production critical for neuromuscular junction function.

• The neuromuscular junction facilitates the transmission of signals for muscle movement.

• Symptoms of CMS include muscle weakness and related manifestations.

• Understanding the genetic basis is essential for tailoring effective treatment strategies.

Test & Diagnosis

• Clinical Evaluation: Doctors review medical history and conduct physical exams to detect neuromuscular disorder symptoms.

• Neurological Exam: Tests muscle strength, reflexes, and coordination, assessing facial muscle weakness, eyelid drooping, and double vision.

• Electrodiagnostic Tests: EMG and NCS identify nerve-to-muscle signal issues, confirming diagnoses, guiding treatments, and monitoring progression.

• Evaluation involves comprehensive medical history and thorough physical examination.

• Neurological tests assess muscle strength, reflexes, coordination, and facial muscle function.

• Electrodiagnostic tests like EMG and NCS pinpoint nerve-to-muscle signal problems for diagnosis and treatment planning.


• Congenital Myasthenia: A neuromuscular disorder impacting muscle strength and control.

• Treatment Focus: Symptomatic management targets specific symptoms to enhance quality of life.

• Respiratory Support: Devices aid breathing if respiratory muscles are affected, addressing breathing difficulties.

• Physical Therapy: Crucial for maintaining muscle strength, improving mobility, and managing daily activities.

• Occupational Therapy: Assists in enhancing functional abilities and independence in daily tasks.

• Comprehensive Management: Combines symptomatic treatment with physical and occupational therapy for optimal outcomes.

Living With

Living with Congenital Myasthenia can be a challenge, but there are ways to manage symptoms and improve overall quality of life.

Medications like acetylcholinesterase inhibitors can help improve muscle strength by enhancing communication between nerves and muscles. Moderate exercise is also beneficial as it can help maintain muscle strength and promote overall health.

However, it's important to balance activity and rest to prevent fatigue. A balanced diet is crucial to support overall health and muscle function. Some people may find that certain dietary adjustments, such as increasing protein intake, can help manage symptoms.

Depending on the severity of symptoms, assistive devices like braces, walkers, or mobility aids may be beneficial.

It's important to work with a healthcare provider to create an individualized care plan that includes a combination of these approaches to manage symptoms and improve quality of life.


• Respiratory Issues: Can lead to breathing difficulties, especially during sleep, possibly requiring respiratory support in severe cases.

• Swallowing Weakness: Muscle weakness in swallowing muscles can cause eating and drinking difficulties, increasing the risk of aspiration pneumonia.

• Impaired Motor Skills: Muscle weakness affects motor skills and mobility, making everyday activities challenging, such as walking or climbing stairs.

• Daily Challenges: Tasks requiring muscle strength may be difficult, impacting the individual's ability to perform daily activities.

• Management and Treatment: Proper management and treatment are essential for individuals with congenital myasthenia to live fulfilling lives.

• Medical Attention: Seeking medical attention for symptoms or concerns related to the condition is crucial for optimal management.
Warning - BNC - Best Neuro Care
The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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